PSA

 

Men of all ages are concerned about maintaining and taking charge of their prostate health. As a man ages, his chances of developing prostate cancer increase. Often, the older a man gets the more his prostate-specific antigens change. These are also called PSA.

 

Men are generally encouraged to get a PSA screening once they reach the age of 50. There are important things to consider about the tests. They can often lead to false-positive results or false-negative results. For many men, this is not encouraging news. However, it is important for a man to understand the truth about tese test.

Handy Health Tips

  • Men over the age of 50 should get their PSA screened regularly
  • Every Melbourne man should go out of their way to read about PSA updates each and every year
  • PSA tests are an FDA approved method of detected prostate cancer

A man should not avoid getting a screening if he is at the age of 50 or if his doctor encourages it. Understanding the facts about the PSA screening will help a man know more about why this test is so important and what he can expect once he gets the results.

What Is The PSA Test?

Prostate-specific antigen is a protein made in healthy as well as cancerous cells in the prostate. The PSA test measures the levels of the protein in a man’s blood. A blood sample is taken, the sample is sent to a lab and it is analysed. The results come back in the form of how many nano grams of PSA are in each milli litre of blood.

Prostate-specific antigen is a protein made in healthy as well as cancerous cells in the prostate. The PSA test measures the levels of the protein in a man’s blood. A blood sample is taken, the sample is sent to a lab and it is analysed. The results come back in the form of how many nano grams of PSA are in each milli litre of blood.

 

What the test looks for is how elevated the PSA levels are. Usually, in men who exhibit signs of prostate cancer, the PSA test shows those levels to be high. Originally, in the United States, the test was only used to monitor the progress of cancer in patients. By the year 1994, the FDA approved it as being a method for screening for cancer along with a digital rectal exam.

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Men over the age of 40 have a legitimate reason not to get a PSA test… that means you too.
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When men have symptoms of cancer or have a tumour, the PSA test can be invaluable in measuring the progress of the disease and routing a course of treatment. However, when men get high readings, it does not always mean that they have any cancer at all. This is where the confusion or fear about these tests have risen.

Facts about PSA Tests and their Accuracy

While the tests are usually accurate, the readings may show a man’s PSA levels to be high. This can be due to several conditions, all of which have nothing to do with cancer and all of which can be treated effectively in different ways including simply watching and waiting.

 

When a man has a condition called prostatitis or inflammation of the prostate, it causes his PSA levels to go up. This is a benign condition which can be treated easily. Enlargement of the prostate can also be a cause of this. It is also a benign condition. Should a man get a test that is aimed at searching for cancer if he may only discover he has a benign condition?

There is a growing trend that some men have been over diagnosed with high levels. This has led to over treatment of the prostate’s condition. This has led some men to undergo radiation therapy and suffer the side effects of incontinence when it turns out that the man did not have cancer or the beginnings of the disease.

 

If a man is a high-risk patient for prostate cancer, he should undergo screenings starting at age 50. If he has a history of prostate cancer in his family or he is an African American, he can get screened starting at age 40 or 45. These tests can detect small tumours and early prostate cancer. However, this detection does not guarantee a reduced chance of dying from the disease.