Urology and Gynaecology is the field of medicine that concentrates on the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the urinary tract as well as disorders associated with the male reproductive system. General work covers a wide spectrum of urological disorders in women and men of all ages.

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A urologist is a specialist physician who has been specifically trained in the treatment of urinary tract issues. In addition, urologists have been trained in pediatrics, gynecology, internal medicine, and other medical specialties.

Qualifications include a medical degree, general, clinical, and surgical experience, and an approved residency program. To qualify for board certification a urologist is required to fulfill specific examination and education requirements specified by The American Board of Urology.

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A Urologist addresses a broad spectrum of urinary tract issues with urologic care and treatment that includes pharmacologic therapies, naturopathic medicine, and minimally invasive surgical procedures such as vaginal prolapse surgery and prostatectomy for prostate cancer patients.

General Medical Treatments Include:

  • Urinary tract infections
  • Prostate disorders and disease
  • Problems related to the penis, testes, and scrotum in males
  • Injury to the genitourinary organs
  • Inflammation of the urinary and genital tracts
  • Infectious diseases of the urinary and genital tracts
  • Urinary incontinence
  • Neurogenic bladder
  • Hematuria
  • Preventive care
  • Vasectomy and vasectomy reversal

Organs that fall under the care of general Urology are the kidneys, bladder, prostate, penis, and testes.

5 Conditions That Require Treatment:

1. Kidneys

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The kidneys are a pair of organs situated on either side of the spine in the abdominal cavity and responsible for filtering the blood, removing toxins, and transporting it to the bladder through the ureter tubes for elimination. Kidney function can become impaired due to a variety of reasons including congenital defects, infection, kidney stones, and obstructions.

When a person experiences any of the above-mentioned kidney problems, they are referred to a urologist for assessment and treatment. Depending on the severity of the disorder a treatment regimen will be recommended which may include anything from laser lithotripsy for the treatment of kidney stones, to robotic nephrectomy surgery for the treatment of cancer.


2. Bladder

Urine excreted by the kidneys flows through the ureters and is deposited in the bladder, a hollow organ situated on the pelvic floor. When the bladder is full the urine is dispelled via the urethra. Bladder problems can cause pain and discomfort as well as an inability to control urine flow known as urinary incontinence.

Bladder conditions can be caused by infections, bladder stones, interstitial cystitis, and result in urge incontinence and stress incontinence. Depending on the severity of the condition, doctors of urology and Gynaecology will recommend treatments such as naturopathic therapies, pharmacological management, and surgery if deemed necessary.

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3. Prostate

The prostate gland is an essential part of the reproductive system in males. It functions by secreting essential hormones and proteins into the ejaculatory fluid that protects sperm during intercourse and on their way to finding a female egg to impregnate. Roughly the size of a large walnut, the prostate surrounds the urethra and is situated below the bladder in front of the rectum.

Because of its location prostate conditions such as BPH (Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia), prostatitis, and prostate cancer often affect the flow of urine through the urethra causing symptoms such as urinary frequency or urgency, and weak or obstructed urine flow.

Urologists will recommend treatments like state-of-the-art laser surgery for Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia or robotic surgery for cancer to relieve symptoms with a minimum impact on sexual function and quality of life.


4. The Penis

The penis is a sexual organ as well as an organ used to expel urine. It consists of the head (Glans) and the Urethra. Disease, congenital malformation, and complications due to surgery can cause sexual and urinary dysfunction and is often a source of great embarrassment to men.

ProstateMinimally invasive surgery is used by urologists to improve organ function and correct aesthetic abnormalities in conditions such as Pyrenees’ disease, webbing, and hypospadias.


5. The Testes

The male testes are responsible for the production of testosterone and sperm and are situated outside the abdominal cavity of the body. When sperm has been produced it is moved to the epididymis where it combines with prostate and seminal vesicle fluid in the testes.

Testicular disorders include hydrocele, testicular cancer, and male infertility. When men experience such conditions they are referred to a urologist for treatment or surgery.

Who Does A UTI Affect?

A Urinary Tract Infection can affect a multitude of men and women of all ages for different reasons. For example, men and women can contract a Urinary Tract Infection from having too much sex. A man’s urethra can get inflamed from passing to much semen and can become infected and blocked. Thankfully, a UTI is an easily fixable issue and generally does not lead to larger problems as long as it is treated early on.



This being mentioned – it is absolutely imperative that you seek out a Urologist if you believe that you might have a Urinary Tract Infection. UTI’s can escalate quite quickly and once they have – are quite hard to get rid of. Especially for older men (as has been shown in clinical trials and doctor’s notes).


Medical Prevention

It should also be noted that although most people do experience Urinary Tract Infections at some point in their lives, that they can be easily prevented. Because even though curing them is a simple process, It’s also ideal to not get them in the first place (as we’re sure anyone who has ever had one will say).The Top Doctors Within Australia

First of all *ALWAYS* wear protection when having sex. This includes oral sex. If you’re sleeping with a long-term partner whom you trust then you can opt for birth control. But for at least the first 1-2 months of sexual encounters with the same person. We recommend wearing condoms as not only will that reduce your risk of UTI’s, but it will also seriously reduce your risk of contracting an STD. A much more sinister and dangerous Urological issue that many Australians face on a daily basis.

~ Urologist Melbourne.