Prostate Cancer is cancer that affects a male's prostate gland. This gland produces small amounts of the fluid that creates semen. This gland also aids in urinary control.
It is located just under the bladder and right next to the rectum. It is the most common cancer that Australian men experience. It is absolutely treatable if found in early stages. Testing should be done via prostate exam at least every 2 years to ensure that any cancer is detected in its early stages
Some Main Points Our Urologists
Worldwide, Prostate Cancer is the most prevalent and common cancer that affects men.
Unfortunately, there are normally no symptoms during the early stages. Although, if symptoms do happen to show up, they are usually one of the symptoms listed below:
The urge to urinate quite often, including at night time. You also are often woken up at night by the urge to urinate
Urine in blood visible during urination
Urination is a painful experience
Difficulty maintaining or achieving an erection during sexual activity
If cancer has
advanced past the early stages, it's symptoms will instead be as listed below
If the affected area is limited and localized, it can be managed by the following treatments:
Waiting And Monitoring
Ensure you have your PSA levels checked constantly. No immediate action is needed.
Radical Prostatectomy is the name for a procedure which involves the prostate being surgically removed. The patient needs to stay in the hospital for up to 10 days after this surgery as it is a very serious surgery and anyone who undergoes it requires long term inspection afterward. Keyhole surgery is sometimes available for this depending on the severity of the cancer
One of the newer and also an effective treatment which involves places small radioactive nodes into the prostate in order to kill the cancer.
This therapy involves radiation therapy in order to kill the cancerous cells in the body. You have likely heard of radiation therapy before as it is one of the main way cancer is treated
Prostate cancer is among the most common types of cancer in men. The condition mainly affects the prostate gland, though can spread to other areas if not detected or treated early. The prostate gland is responsible for the production of seminal fluids and also help control urine flow. Most cases of prostate cancer go undetected/untreated for years, though aggressive prostate cancer can spread quickly. The primary cause of prostate cancer remains a mystery to this date. Doctors and researchers, however, believe the condition may be caused by the mutation of cell DNA that causes some cells to divide and grow more rapidly than the others.
Common Signs and Symptoms of Prostate Cancer
1. Urge to urinate frequently during the night
2. Difficulty maintaining or commencing urination
3. Pain when urinating
4. Pain when ejaculating
5. Blood in urine
6. Difficult getting and maintaining an erection
7. Urinary incontinence
8. Fecal incontinence
9. Leg weakness
Risk Factors Involved
1. Age: Prostate cancer is more prevalent in older men as compared to the younger generation. Doctors believe that the risk of contracting prostate cancer does increase as one gets older.
2. Race: Although researchers do not know why black men are at the highest risk of prostate cancer. Black men are also more likely to have advanced or aggressive prostate cancer than other races.
3. Genetics: The risk of having prostate cancer increases even more if there's a history of the condition in your family.
4. Obesity: As weird as it may sound, obesity increases chances of men getting prostate cancer, which when diagnosed, is mostly at a more advanced state.
How to Prevent or Reduce Prostate Cancer
1. Healthy diet and nutrition: Following a healthy diet regiment is the first step to fighting prostate cancer, and even reduces the risk of contracting the condition. Focusing on healthy nutritive foods such as whole grains, vegetables, and fruits to help prevent cell mutations. You, however, need to stay away from high-risk foods such as factory manufactured foods, fast foods, and high-fat foods.
2. Regular exercise: Regular body exercise helps the body in many ways. First, you get to burn the excess fats, maintain the recommended weight, and even improve your mood. In addition to this, men that exercise regularly have a reduced chance of having prostate cancer. This has been attributed to the improved blood flow and cell health.
3. Go for healthy foods over supplements: Focusing on whole-nutritious foods is much better than depending on food supplements. Supplements do not have the same nutritional content and value as the foods the supplement was extracted from. In addition to this, some may contain chemicals that could cause cell mutation.
As mentioned earlier, prostate cancer is treatable particularly when diagnosed early. Going for regular screening for the same is recommended for all men. If you already have prostate cancer, then the doctor will recommend the best way to treat the condition. Some of the treatment options out there include brachytherapy, conformal radiation therapy, intensity modulated radiation therapy, and radical prostatectomy among others. Advanced prostate cancer conditions may call for chemotherapy or androgen deprivation therapy (ADT).